Edge computing

Edge computing is a distributed information technology (IT) architecture in which client data is processed at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible.  Edge computing uses edge servers and storage devices such as nodes, switches and routers that are located near or inside the Internet.  The term was first coined by Nicholas J. Cacos and Michael P. O’Reilly of Stanford University.  They define edge computing as this “scalar form of connecting all those components directly into the core-internet infrastructure, so that they act like the backbone of the internetâ€.  This architecture has been described as virtual private network (VPN), which acts as both an open and private network;  It may include public and internal networks such as cloud connections, virtual local area networks (VLANs), Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS), and Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS).  Edge Computing can be seen as an approach to building network infrastructure that protects users while also permitting them to access web, mobile/offline services using simple tools such as browsers, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and other third-party applications.  Edge computing provides a wide range of benefits for businesses, including better security and privacy, improved support for low latency applications, enhanced mobility and resource utilization, and reduced management complexity and cost.  However, there are several challenges associated with this new technology.  One significant challenge is security vulnerabilities, which pose a threat to customers.  A second risk factor is the need for multiple separate infrastructure platforms.  There are still numerous remaining challenges as the field matures.  Finally, edge computing remains largely disconnected from the core network structure and security infrastructure and therefore security vulnerabilities within the systems cannot be immediately isolated.  In recent years, the rise of the cloud and increased use of these technologies has led to more and more enterprises adopting edge computing solutions to optimize their infrastructures and reduce costs, and improve customer satisfaction and customer experience.  Businesses now have a choice between on-premise solution and a variety of hybrid/multi-cloud options that have different capabilities to meet their needs.  Moreover, organizations have increasingly moved away from traditional security frameworks to make their IT infrastructures secure against threats such as ransomware and other malicious attacks.  As such, the demand for security professionals and advanced cybersecurity techniques continue to grow because of the ever-increasing sophistication of attackers and evolving cyberthreats.  Edge computing helps businesses deploy a unified set of capabilities across their entire IT infrastructure, while ensuring operational efficiency, security and business continuity.  By integrating advanced technologies such as big data analytics, artificial intelligence and microservices to achieve key functions such as policy creation and policy enforcement among others, enterprises are able to deliver powerful and complex solutions to meet end-user needs.  For example, enterprise software providers use multi-cloud architectures to provide high performance and scalability to enterprises.  These cloud strategies enable business staff to use edge computing in their businesses to drive higher levels of productivity.  Enterprises operating within public clouds, such as AWS, Google Cloud Platform (GCP) and Microsoft Azure, also leverage edge computing to create a robust user experience using a combination of the aforementioned application programming interfaces (APIs) and the edge server to host and process  user requests.  Today’s global market is characterized by rapidly changing threats and challenges, which requires advanced technologies that help businesses respond to emerging threats quickly and easily.  Edge Computing offers businesses a number of advantages over conventional means of developing and implementing cutting-edge technologies and applications: Enabling the deployment of new ideas and innovations quickly and efficiently Ability to offer flexibility with respect to how employees use resources and services Ease in providing security  protection, compliance and mitigation against security breaches Ability to build trust among employees, customers and vendors as well as creating collaborative relationships with various stakeholders Ability to operate and develop on dynamic networks as opposed to static ones Enhanced agility and responsiveness, increased user engagement, and  reduced time to market, all of which help businesses adapt quickly to new demands and changes.

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